Windmills, Kinderdijk, Netherlands
© Achim Thomae/Getty Image
Holding back the tide. Windmills in Kinderdijk, the Netherlands
This stretch of windmills is one of the best-known Dutch tourist sites. Both iconic and historic, the windmills in the village of Kinderdijk have been a Unesco World Heritage Site since 1997. The Netherlands has about 1,200 windmills, though only 300 or so are still operational. Over the years they’ve played a major role in pumping sea water away from the nation's reclaimed land. Keeping water at bay is a perennial issue for the Netherlands, where much of the land is flat and below sea level.
The second Saturday in May is National Windmill Day in the Netherlands, when windmills all over the country open their doors to visitors to reveal their simple-but-effective inner workings. And of course, although wind is a force of nature that’s been harnessed for centuries, it’s having a resurgence, albeit in a more high-tech form. As a leading form of ‘green’ energy, it is expected to grow dramatically in the coming years. So, on National Windmill Day, let’s tip our hats to these sturdy ancestors while also cheering the pioneering work of the sleek, graceful new generation.