Eurasian scops owl in Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Czech Republic
© Milan Zygmunt/Alam
In the owl world, you’re either a member of the Strigidae or Tytonidae, two families of classification which cover more than 200 species of owls around the world. The Tytonidae family includes barn owls, which have distinct heart-shaped faces, while the larger Strigidae family consists of true (or typical) owls, most of which have round faces.
The Eurasian scops owl in our photo is a true owl and one of the smaller members of the Strigidae family. It is primarily found in regions of southern Europe, western Asia and Central Asia and migrates to warmer regions in sub-Saharan Africa during the winter. It is a largely nocturnal bird, most active after sunset until midnight. The owl’s bark-coloured plumage provides excellent camouflage during the day, when it roosts in shady trees and hollows.