Serra da Malagueta mountains on Santiago Island, Cabo Verde
© Samuel Borges Photography/Shutterstoc
The green mountains of Cabo Verde
The Republic of Cabo Verde ('Green Cape') also known as Cape Verde, celebrates its independence today. Located about 350 miles off the western coast of Africa, the country consists of 10 volcanic islands. We're looking at the Serra da Malagueta mountain range in the northern part of the island of Santiago, which is protected as a national park. At nearly 3,500ft (1,067m) it's the highest point of northern Santiago and offers views of nearby Fogo and Maio islands, as well as a variety of plants and wildlife.
The islands that make up Cabo Verde were uninhabited by people until they were colonised by Portuguese explorers in the 15th century. They remained in Portuguese control until gaining independence on 5 July, 1975. Since the 1990s, Cabo Verde has been regarded as one of the most stable democracies in Africa and has steadily developed an economy based largely on tourism.